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July 21, 2022

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Floods in Japan

Cyclones are tropical storms created by winds of low atmospheric pressure blowing around a central area. They are inward spiraling winds that rotate counterclockwise in the northern hemisphere and clockwise in the southern hemisphere.
The topography, intensity, and frequency of the cyclone determine the vulnerability of a place where it strikes.
Types of cyclones
Tropical cyclone 
Polar cyclone
Mesocyclone
Extratropical cyclone
Cyclones are one of the most destructive natural hazards and have certain impacts which are
Strong winds cause damage to infrastructure, uproots trees, and lead to other catastrophes.
Torrential rainfall leads to unprecedented floods and damage to houses and buildings.
Due to storm surges, seawater levels rise, and the coastal areas are exposed to floods.
The rise in seawater level also erodes beaches and embankments.
Floods caused by severe cyclonic storms can damage vegetation and livestock.
the soil becomes infertile due to the strong winds and flood conditions,
In addition to this, cyclonic storms cause loss of plant, human and animal lives, and affect the country’s economy.
 According to Munich Re cyclones are responsible for more than half of the losses caused by Natural disasters in the period 1980 to 2018. The damage amounts to a total of 211 billion USD and it is increasing rapidly. 2020 cataloged the highest number of tornadoes in the world. It was also the costliest cyclone season in the Northern Indian ocean, witnessing the strongest cyclone in 21 years. A total of 2 million people have been killed by cyclones in the last two centuries. It is estimated that an average of 10,000 people perish every year due to cyclones. 
The Indian subcontinent is one of the worst affected regions in the world. The subcontinent with a long coastline of 8041 kilometers is exposed to nearly 10 percent of the world’s tropical cyclones. Every year, five to six tropical cyclones form out of which two or three can be severe, on average. As many as 117 cyclones hit India in 50 years from 1970-2019 claiming over 40,000 lives. Thus, tropical cyclones are and will continue to be a serious threat to the life and assets of a large number of people worldwide.
Organizations and businesses also suffer the consequences of cyclones. Tropical cyclones cause widespread damage in specific regions as a result of high winds and flooding. Direct impacts on commercial property and infrastructure can lead to production shortfalls causing a loss of revenue. In some cases engineering code changes will be made regarding certain constructs, raising the price of construction and lessening demand for them. Further losses can occur if business continuity is lost through a disrupted supply of intermediate inputs from, or distribution to, other businesses.
Tropical cyclones pose a great threat to the construction and sustainable development of human society in that they not only destroy traffic grids, communication facilities, warehousing, and so on, causing large amounts of property damage, but they also spread diseases, and jeopardize the physical and mental health of humans. 
As cyclones hit, it can become difficult to deal with them. Here are some methods that can help businesses to be prepared during a cyclone. 
How businesses can accommodate during cyclones
Assess – The risks that your business may face can vary depending on the situation. Gather data from all the relevant sources including weather forecasts, public safety information, and social media. Real-time information is important and without this, your response may end up doing more harm than good.
Act – Take quick decisions and locate people who are affected by this and people you think can handle the situation. Fast communication and quick decision are important because at moments like this every minute counts. 
Analyze – Every severe weather emergency response generates valuable data that is used in the continuous improvement process for risk management. Analyze your data, identify gaps, and use lessons learned to discover areas of improvement. 

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